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Toilet Paper
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Image by elycefeliz
www.nytimes.com/2009/02/26/science/earth/26charmin.html?_…

By LESLIE KAUFMAN
Published: February 25, 2009

Americans like their toilet tissue soft: exotic confections that are silken, thick and hot-air-fluffed.

The national obsession with soft paper has driven the growth of brands like Cottonelle Ultra, Quilted Northern Ultra and Charmin Ultra — which in 2008 alone increased its sales by 40 percent in some markets, according to Information Resources, Inc., a marketing research firm.

But fluffiness comes at a price: millions of trees harvested in North America and in Latin American countries, including some percentage of trees from rare old-growth forests in Canada. Although toilet tissue can be made at similar cost from recycled material, it is the fiber taken from standing trees that help give it that plush feel, and most large manufacturers rely on them.

The country’s soft-tissue habit — call it the Charmin effect — has not escaped the notice of environmentalists, who are increasingly making toilet tissue manufacturers the targets of campaigns. Greenpeace on Monday for the first time issued a national guide for American consumers that rates toilet tissue brands on their environmental soundness. With the recession pushing the price for recycled paper down and Americans showing more willingness to repurpose everything from clothing to tires, environmental groups want more people to switch to recycled toilet tissue.

“No forest of any kind should be used to make toilet paper,” said Dr. Allen Hershkowitz, a senior scientist and waste expert with the Natural Resource Defense Council.

In the United States, which is the largest market worldwide for toilet paper, tissue from 100 percent recycled fibers makes up less than 2 percent of sales for at-home use among conventional and premium brands. Most manufacturers use a combination of trees to make their products. According to RISI, an independent market analysis firm in Bedford, Mass., the pulp from one eucalyptus tree, a commonly used tree, produces as many as 1,000 rolls of toilet tissue. Americans use an average of 23.6 rolls per capita a year.

Other countries are far less picky about toilet tissue. In many European nations, a rough sheet of paper is deemed sufficient. Other countries are also more willing to use toilet tissue made in part or exclusively from recycled paper.

In Europe and Latin America, products with recycled content make up about on average 20 percent of the at-home market, according to experts at the Kimberly Clark Corporation.

Environmentalists are focusing on tissue products for reasons besides the loss of trees. Turning a tree to paper requires more water than turning paper back into fiber, and many brands that use tree pulp use polluting chlorine-based bleach for greater whiteness. In addition, tissue made from recycled paper produces less waste tonnage — almost equaling its weight — that would otherwise go to a landfill.

Still, trees and tree quality remain a contentious issue. Although brands differ, 25 percent to 50 percent of the pulp used to make toilet paper in this country comes from tree farms in South America and the United States. The rest, environmental groups say, comes mostly from old, second-growth forests that serve as important absorbers of carbon dioxide, the main heat-trapping gas linked to global warming. In addition, some of the pulp comes from the last virgin North American forests, which are an irreplaceable habitat for a variety of endangered species, environmental groups say.

Greenpeace, the international conservation organization, contends that Kimberly Clark, the maker of two popular brands, Cottonelle and Scott, has gotten as much as 22 percent of its pulp from producers who cut trees in Canadian boreal forests where some trees are 200 years old.

McDonnell FH-1 Phantom I
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Image by cliff1066™
On July 21, 1946, the Phantom made the first takeoff from and landing on a carrier-the USS. Franklin D. Roosevelt. Impressed with its performance, the Navy ordered production versions, designated the FH-1. Delivery to fleet squadrons began in July 1947, with Fighter Squadron 17A (VF-17A) becoming the first Navy jet squadron to be carrier-qualified and the first operational shipboard jet fighter squadron in the world. This crucial test occurred during carrier operation trials aboard the USS Saipan in May 1948. Pilots of VF-17A made 176 takeoffs, took wave-offs, and simulated combat maneuvers. The Phantom met all the requirements and proved the soundness of the fundamental concept of carrier-based jet aircraft. With the completion of these trials, a new age in naval aviation had begun.

The first Marine Corps unit to receive the FH-1 Phantom was Marine Fighter Squadron 122 (VMF122), stationed at the Marine Corps Air Station, Cherry Point, North Carolina. MF-122 received considerable recognition with its precision aerobatics team of FH-ls, known as the Flying Leathernecks.

Sixty Phantoms were built under the Navy contract and served during the Korean War and as jet trainers with Reserve units in the States. The Phantom’s operational career, limited by newer jet fighters, lasted until 1954 when the type was retired from duty. McDonnell successors, the F2H Banshee, the F3H Demon, the F-101 Voodoo, and the F-4 Phantom II, continued the sound design concept and high performance qualities of the FH-1.

The National Air and Space Museum’s FH-1, which served with Marine Fighter Squadron 122 (VMF-122), completed its service life in April 1954, with a total of 418 flight hours. It was transferred to the museum by the U.S. Navy in 1959.

collections.nasm.si.edu/code/emuseum.asp?profile=objects&…

FoxNews Now Fortified with 200% More Bullshit
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Image by lantzilla
So I guess the real point here is that the volume of ignorant people who watch this crap correlates the accuracy and soundness of reporting. The idiots are taking over!

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