A French doctor has said, “From the effect viewpoint, the exercise is a substitute for medicine, but none of it is a substitute for exercise.” Sports can improve the function of heart, lung, brain and other organs, can enhance physical fitness, improve immunity, and prevent the occurrence of disease. But the low temperature winter, from a health care perspective, the elderly need to pay attention to what exercise during the winter?
The elderly should not exercise early in winter.
With the increase of age, the function of organs and tissues of the aged is declining gradually. The elderly suffering from high blood pressure will generally appear arteriosclerosis, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular vulnerable to low temperature stimulation and contraction. In addition, old people get up early after the blood circulation is sticky, the resistance is large, and the movement will cause heart rate, myocardial oxygen consumption increased, further raising the blood pressure.
Because of the cold air increased vasoconstriction, leading to serious old people get up early to exercise can lead to myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage and acute cerebrovascular disease. Therefore, the elderly should not go out early winter exercise. Sufficient sunshine at noon, when temperatures rise, more suitable for the elderly to carry out outdoor activities.
Haze days try to avoid outdoor exercise.
Doing outdoor exercise in the haze days, the respiratory tract will get the serious damage. The harmful substances in haze days in the respiratory tract and lungs in adhesion after being inhaled, and older people physical quality and immune function are worse than young people, which can easily lead to bronchitis and pneumonia, pulmonary heart disease etc.. In addition, the haze of harmful substances into the human body through breathing, it will cause damage to the vascular endothelium, promote the occurrence of atherosclerotic plaques.
The elderly must wear loose, comfortable, and easy to change clothes.
Warm up exercise time should be longer, the first 10 to 20 minutes to warm up. Exercise should pay attention to keep warm, according to their own physical condition to choose the right project movement, intensity in the process of physical exercise a little bit difficult, slightly sweating, breathing for the right amount, to avoid excessive exercise. Walking, Tai Chi and other heart and blood vessels smaller aerobic exercise is more suitable for the elderly exercise in winter.